In the previous lesson on introduction to German verbs, you learned the concept of verb conjugation.To express a sentence in a particular tense, we have to conjugate the German verb. In the previous lesson , you saw how the German verb “machen”(to make/do) is conjugated in the present and in the past tense.
In this lesson, we will learn simple present tense in German and verb conjugations required for it.
Simple present tense in German language is very simple.German language does not differentiate between simple present tense and present continuous tense.”I play” and “I am playing” are written exactly same in German. This saves your effort of having to learn a new tense but there is something you can not escape from.
Verb endings or Verb conjugations.
While expressing present tense in German, you have to remove the “-en” from the infinitive form and replace with a new verb endings. Each German pronoun has its own verb ending for the verb.
German verbs for the pronoun “Ich” end with the suffix “-e”
|Ich gehe||I go/I am going|
|Ich komme||I come / I am coming|
|Ich esse||I eat / I am eating|
German verbs for the pronoun “Du” end with the suffix “-st”
|Du gehst||You go / You are going|
|Du kommst||You come / You are coming|
|Du isst||You eat / You are eating|
German verbs for the pronouns “Er/Sie/Es” end with the suffix “-t”
|Er/sie geht||He/She goes / is going|
|Er/sie kommt||He/She comes /is coming|
|Er/sie isst||He/She eats / is coming|
I drink/I am drinking
You drink/You are drinking
He drinks/He is drinking
She drinks/She is drinking
It drinks/It is drinking
Let us solve a quick quiz to quickly master these verb endings.
Your daily routine in German
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