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The present tense- Your daily routine in German

In the previous lesson on introduction to German verbs, you learned the concept of verb conjugation.To express a sentence in a particular tense, we have to conjugate the German verb. In the previous lesson , you saw how the German verb “machen”(to make/do) is conjugated in the present and in the past tense.

In this lesson, we will learn simple present tense in German and verb conjugations required for it.

Simple present tense in German language is very simple.German language does not differentiate between simple present tense and present continuous tense.”I play” and “I am playing” are written exactly same in German. This saves your effort of having to learn a new tense but there is something you can not escape from.

Verb endings or Verb conjugations.

While expressing present tense in German, you have to remove the  “-en” from the infinitive form and replace with a new verb endings. Each German pronoun has its own verb ending for the verb.

German verbs for the pronoun “Ich” end with the suffix “-e”

Ich gehe I go/I am going
Ich komme I come / I am coming
Ich esse I eat / I am eating

German verbs for the pronoun “Du” end with the suffix “-st”

Du gehst You go / You are going
Du kommst You come / You are coming
Du isst You eat / You are eating

German verbs for the pronouns “Er/Sie/Es” end with the suffix “-t”

Er/sie geht He/She goes / is going
Er/sie kommt He/She comes /is coming
Er/sie isst He/She eats / is coming

present tense in german

Summary :

German

English

Ich trinke

I drink/I am drinking

Du trinkst

You drink/You are drinking

Er trinkt

Sie trinkt

Es trinkt

He drinks/He is drinking

She drinks/She is drinking

It drinks/It is drinking

Let us solve a quick quiz to quickly master these verb endings.

Quiz:

Test 2.4

Identify the correct option
Start
Congratulations - you have completed Test 2.4. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Return
Shaded items are complete.
12345
678910
111213End
Return

Sad Note:

All German verbs do not preserve their root form when they are conjugated.  See the following example of the verb “Nehm-en” (to take).

  • Ich nehme
  • Du nimmst
  • Er nimmt

Though the verb endings are same (-e, -st, -t)  but the root form  “nehm” is not preserved for “Du” and “Er”. Instead of “Du nehmst” it becomes “Du nimmst”. In the above examples also, the German verb “esse” does not preserve its native form. The conjugated forms of such verbs have to memorized.

Your daily routine in German

Ich esse Brot
→ I am eating bread
Ich trinke Wasser
→ I am drinking water
Ich gehe nach Schule
→ I am going to school
Ich komme nach Berlin
→ I am coming to Berlin
Ich speile Fußball
→ I am playing football
Ich schlafe
→ I sleep

 

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Practice 


 

Table of Content : | German Alphabet | German Lessons | German Vocabulary | Daily German Sentences |
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One comment on “The present tense- Your daily routine in German
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