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Genitive case in German- Nouns

genitive case in german examples exercise

The genitive case in German is used for the nouns showing possession.

Peter’s Car, Monika’s book, The rivers of Germany  are some examples of nouns showing possession for the other nouns.

The genitive case in English is expressed either by use of  apostrophe “‘s” or “of”.

In German, genitive case is expressed by changing the German article and the ending of the noun that is showing the possession.

Examples of masculine nouns

German English
Der Hund des Mannes The man’s dog
Die Tochter  des Mannes The man’s daughter
Das Buch des Professors The professor’s book
Die Bücher des Professors The professor’s books

“The man” possesses “The dog”, hence article before the  “the man” is changed.

Masculine nouns in genitive case take the article “des”.

Also they take the endings “-es” or “-s” , depending upon the number of syllables present in the word.

Masculine nouns with one syllable take the ending -es .

Masculine nouns with more than one syllable take the ending -s.

Examples of feminine nouns

German English
Der Hund der Frau The woman’s dog
Die Tochter  der Frau The woman’s daughter
Das Buch der Frau The woman’s book
Die Bücher der Frau The woman’s books

Feminine nouns in genitive case take  the article “der” .

Unlike masculine nouns, the endings of feminine nouns remain unchanged.

Examples of neuter nouns

German English
Der Hund des mädchens The girl’s dog
Die Schwester des mädchens The girl’s sister
Das Buch des mädchens The girl’s book
Die Bücher des mädchens The girl’s books

Neuter nouns in genitive case take the article “des” .

Neuter nouns with one syllable take the ending -es.

Neuter nouns with more than one syllable take the ending -s.

Examples of plural  nouns

German English
Der Hund der Männer The men’s dog
Die Tochter der Männer The men’s daughter
Das Buch der Männer The men’s book
Die Bücher der Männer The men’s books

Plural nouns in genitive case take the article “der” .

Endings of plural nouns remain unchanged.

Like articles, possessive adjectives also undergo declensional change.

For example

Das Auto meines Sohnes → My son’s car.

Das Auto meiner Tochter → My daughter’s car

Random examples

Der Freund des Vaters
→Father’s friend
Die Freundin des Vaters
→Father’s girlfriend
Das iPhone des Bruders
→Brother’s iPhone
Das Auto der Mutter
→Mother’s car
Das Buch der Schwester
→Sister’s book
Das Buch des Kindes
→Kid’s book
Die Farbe der Augen
→Eyes’ color
Der Bruder des Freund
→Friend’s brother

Exercise


Quiz: Genitive case in German

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Summary

Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Definite articles Des Der Des Der
Indefinite articles Eines Einer Eines -

 

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Table of Content : | German Alphabet | German Lessons | German Vocabulary | Daily German Sentences |
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