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Dative case in German -pronouns

We have seen accusative case for pronouns in the previous lesson.

The accusative case in German is for direct objects.

The dative case in German is for indirect objects.

In the case of nouns, the articles before the nouns get modified in dative case.

In the case of pronouns, the pronouns themselves get modified in dative case.

Let us see this with the help of an example.

If a pronoun happens to be an indirect object of the sentence, it will get modified to its dative form

Ich gebe du dich dir (I am giving you)

Peter gibt wir uns (Peter is giving us)

The pronouns “du” and “wir” modified themselves to “dir” and “uns” respectively.

This change of form of pronouns happen in English too

You thanked I me. (“I” modifies to “me”)

We helped they them (“they” modifies to “them”)

Let us learn these dative forms of German pronouns through examples and quizzes

Peter gibt mir ein Buch

→ Peter is giving me a book

Wer hilft mir ?

→ Who is helping me?

“Ich” transforms to “mir” in dative case

Peter gibt dir ein Buch

→ Peter is giving you a book

Wer hilft dir ?

→ Who is helping you?

“Du” transforms to “dir” in dative case

Peter gibt ihm ein Buch

→ Peter is giving him a book

Wer hilft ihm ?

→ Who is helping him?

“Er” transforms to “ihm” in dative case

Peter gibt ihr ein Buch

→ Peter is giving her a book

Wer hilft ihr ?

→ Who is helping her?

“Sie” transforms to “ihr” in dative case

Peter gibt uns ein Buch

→ Peter is giving us a book

Wer hilft uns?

→ Who is helping us?

“Wir” transforms to “uns” in dative case

Peter gibt euch ein Buch

→ Peter is giving you a book

Wer hilft euch?

→ Who is helping you?

“Ihr” transforms to “euch” in dative case

Peter gibt ihnen ein Buch

→ Peter is giving them a book

Wer hilft ihnen?

→ Who is helping them?

“Sie” transforms to “ihnen” in dative case

Summary

Personal pronouns Dative form
Ich (I) Mir (me)
Wir (we) Uns (us)
Du (You) Dir (to you)
Ihr (You) Euch (to you)
Er (He) Ihm (him)
Sie (She) Ihr (her)
Es (It) Ihm (it)
Sie (They) Ihnen (them)

Dative case

Identify the correct dative form of German pronouns
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Example sentences

German English
Ich half dir
I helped you
Ich dankte ihnen
I thanked them
Ich gebe ihm einen Computer
I give him a computer
Er bringt mir eine Beer
He brings me a beer
Ich folge ihr
I follow her
Kann ich dir helfen ?
Can I help you ?
Ich antworte dir
I answer you
Wir helfen ihnen
We are helping them

Table of Content : | German Alphabet | German Lessons | German Vocabulary | Daily German Sentences |
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